Dyslexia is an impairment in the brain’s ability to translate written images received from the eyes into meaningful language.
Dyslexia is also called specific reading disability.
Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability in children.
Signs and Symptoms
Dyslexia occurs in children with normal vision, normal intelligence, and normal speech. However, dyslexic children may have difficulty interpreting spoken language and writing.
Dyslexia is most commonly diagnosed when the child has been in school for a little while. It is difficult to diagnose dyslexia before the child has entered school.
Before school symptoms
- Initial talking occurs later than normal
- Adding new words slowly
- Difficulty rhyming
During school symptoms
- Reading at a level well below the expected level for the age of your child
- Problems processing and understanding what he or she hears
- Difficulty comprehending rapid instructions
- Problems remembering the sequence of things
- Difficulty seeing, and occasionally hearing, similarities and differences in letter and words
- An inability to sound out the pronunciation of an unfamiliar word
- Seeing letters or words in reverse (b for d or saw for was)—it is common for children under 8 years old to see letters and words in reverse. Children who continue to see reversals past that age might have dyslexia.
- Difficulty spelling
- Trouble learning a foreign language